Cyclone ldai, a category-4 cyclone made landfall near Beira City, Sofala Province in central Mozambique on 14th March 20 19, bringing with it extreme winds of up to 224km/h, torrential rains and flash floods. The situation compounded an already fragile population, with 141,000 people affected and 66 deaths recorded as a result of storms and flooding caused by the same tropical depression in the central region of Mozambique. As of 25th March 2019, the Government reported that the death toll from the storm stands at 446 and that over I 09,000 people have taken shelter throughout 130 collective displacement sites. The latest figures from the Mozambican National Disasters Management Institute (INGC) coordination hub in Beira reported that a total of 56,000 houses have been destroyed or damaged by the storm.
Estimating that 1,850,00 people have been affected by the cyclone and its aftermath, the Government of Mozambique formally requested international assistance for the humanitarian response - food, shelter, education, health and non-food items, as well as logistical support, including air assets, boats and communications.
In the days ahead, continued flooding with additional rains could exacerbate an already difficult situation. There are regular reports now of acute watery diarrhea and high risk of cholera. Health and education facilities have suffered significant damage, with more than 2,800 classrooms and at least 39 Health centres confirmed impacted by the cyclone and floods. Primary, secondary and tertiary roads have been severely damaged, and the Government is working on reopening main conduits, but it will likely take weeks to reach all affected people in isolated areas. In addition, more than 500,000 hectares of crops have been damaged, which will impact food security in the months ahead, particularly as the losses coincide with the annual harvest season. Local community infrastructures, electricity, communications (radio and cell phone) and other major public services will need in depth assessment and support to be fully reestablished to support ongoing relief operations, as well as the longer-term recovery process.